Quick Facts

    • Balance difficulties can be a result of vision or vestibular impairment
    • Dizziness can include other symptoms like vertigo (i.e. feeling that you or things around you are moving), feeling light headed and imbalanced
    • Common following all severities of brain injury

What does it
look like?

    • Difficulty getting up from a chair, getting out of a vehicle, and standing on a bus
    • Difficulty lifting heavy objects
    • Trouble navigating between objects (e.g. walls, store aisles)

Possible Causes and Complications

Possible causes:

    • Medications or a drop in blood pressure when standing/sitting
    • Inner ear problems, sensory changes, poor vision, darkness
    • Mental health disorders such as anxiety or depression
    • An injury to the area of the brain that manages motor and movement
    • Memory problems can have the person forget to eat/drink causing dizziness
    • Balance may become worse when an individual is tired

What can we do?

Prevent falls:

  • Make their home safe by removing rugs and clearing pathways
  • Have someone there to help as much as possible

Develop compensatory strategies:

  • Place handles and supports around the house
  • Use cane, crutches or a walking frame
  • Avoid uneven floors, sudden movement of head or eyes
  • Use directional lighting at night and glow in the dark stickers on switches and handles
  • Provide help getting around in dark locations (e.g. theatre), use a small flashlight or an app on a cell phone
  • Keep a “balance diary” to identify triggers to dizziness and balance problems

Disclaimer: This information is not meant to replace advice from a medical doctor. Consult a health care provider regarding specific medical concerns or treatment.